International Statement by the Dewan Adat Papua

(Papua Traditional Council)
DAP, Jayapura, 18 March 2010

Subject: Resolution of the conflict between the nation-state of West Papua and the Government of Indonesia

Number: 005/Ketum-DAP/III/2010

1. All parties at the regional and international level with interests in West Papua and its natural resources. 2. Indigenous Papuans who continue to struggle in peaceful and democratic fashion with the highest regard for human rights and international law. . CONTENTS 1. The problems in West Papua that have continued to occur since 1963 are not domestic problems or internal matters for the government of Indonesia. The conflict occurs between two nations, namely West Papua and Indonesia regarding the political status of Papua and the seizure of land and resources;

2. The conflict referred to above has already caused indigenous West Papuans to live without security and well being. The population of indigenous Papuans has shown no significant growth, in terms of quality or quantity. The population of indigenous Papuans in 1969 was approximately 800,000, and in 2010 the population is approximately 1.5 million. Compared with East Papua{Papua New Guinea), where the population is racially similar, there were 900,000 people in 1969 and there are now approximately 7 million people;

3. This situation indicates that there has been, continues to be, and will be a 'creeping genocide' (gradual ethnic extinction), because the total effects are greater than the sum of the parts. Indigenous Papuans are becoming a minority and will become extinct in their own wealthy land. Indications of creeping genocide are: Indigenous Papuans killed by firearms and sharp weapons, blunt weapons, liquid weapons (alcohol), viral weapons such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and other infections, and deaths resulting from criminalization including character assassination;

4. It is clear that Special Autonomy laws, regional autonomy laws and other legal regulations implemented in Papua from 1969 to the present day cannot secure the future of the indigenous people. How can we evaluate or measure the fundamental basic needs that ensure the sustainability of a people? In the West Papuan context, we can measure these needs with the following eight basic criteria:

a. The population of indigenous Papuans is increasingly marginalized in demographic terms and is becoming a minority leading towards extinction as a result of creeping genocide. (Development for whom?)

b. Traditional villages as places for the development of indigenous Papuans are decreasing in quantity and quality while cultures are increasingly reduced to extinction;

c. Traditional territories have been lost as indigenous Papuans lose their ownership rights as the majority; this has a potent economic impact and brings on marginalization and poverty;

d. Management, utilization and maintenance of the forest has never been codified in a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU )with the traditional indigenous owners of each tribe, resulting in the loss of traditional economic wealth;

e. There is no MoU with traditional owners regarding the management and utilization of natural resources (mineral) (poverty despite wealth?);

f, There is no MoU with the traditional owners in coastal regions regarding the management and use of ocean products;

g. Indigenous Papuans are not free to take action, to participate in democracy, or to gather and express opinions to determine their own opinions to determine their own future (their future will be bleak!);

h. The identity and political status of West Papua as a nation-state has been hijacked and subjected to destructive efforts.

5. In consideration of the fundamental issues outlined above, as General Leader of the Papua Traditional Council, in accordance with the advice from the Second Confercnceo of Indigenous Papuans at GOR Cenderawasih, Jayapura in 2007, I feel it is necessary to issue this international statement as an SOS (Save our Souls) signal with the following messages:

a. To the United Nations and the international community, now is the time to participate in resolving the conflict between the nation-state of West Papua and the Indonesian government, because this is a conflict between two nations, not the domestic business of Indonesia alone;

b, United Nations member countries cannot ignore the future of the people of West Papua for the sake of unilateral interests because serious human rights violations continue to occur in West Papua;

c. Now is the time for the government of the Republic of' Indonesia to abolish the Trikora command set in motion by former president Sukarno on 1l December 1961 which used annexation to prevent the establishment of the independent nation-state of West Papua which was already declared on 1 December 1961. These methods violated our human rights and are in conflict with international legal codes;

d. The Indonesian government must end the use of police and military operations as a means of resolving the conflict with the nation-state of West Papua and must use mechanisms and instruments to return liberty to West Papua in accordance with international law;

e. The Act of Free Choice in 1969 was part of the annexation of the sovereign state of West Papua and by annexation we refer to the New York Agreement from the perspective of international law. Therefore, legal violations that occurred during and after the New York Agreement must be rectified so that the agreement no longer holds significance in West Papua and international law can prevail starting in 2010;

f. The people of West Papua as victims of annexation have the right to have their political status addressed by the High Court. Violations of human rights and international law have occurred from 1962 to the present;

g. The Indonesian government must rescind laws pertaining to treason that are continually used against indigenous Papuans struggling to defend their freedom;

h. It is time for the Indonesian government to liberate all indigenous Papuan political prisoners in accordance with.human rights principles and international law;

i. It is time for the Indonesian government to give back the sovereignty of the independent nation-state of West Papua annexed since 1 May 1963, in a peaceful manner involving the United Nations in the name of international laws and principles.

Thank you,

Published in Jayapura, March 18, 2010

On behalf of the Indigenous People of West Papua

< signed >

Forkorus Yaboisembut
General Leader of the Papua Traditional Council (DAP)