Investing in the Future of Papua and West Papua: Infrastructure for Sustainable Development

Investing in the Future of Papua and West Papua: Infrastructure for Sustainable Development


Source article: Reliefweb
The World Bank Group, 18 Jan 2010


Full Report (pdf - 4,2 Mbytes)

The Province of Papua of the Republic of Indonesia was provided Special Autonomy under Law 21/2001 in recognition of the fact that "the management and use of the natural wealth of Tanah Papua has not yet been optimally utilized to enhance the living standard of the natives, causing a deep gap between the Papua Province and the other regions, and violations of the basic rights of the Papuan people" . The goal of Special Autonomy was to help Papua and Papuans catch up to the rest of Indonesia in terms of living standards and opportunities.

Yet, now almost a decade later – after the split into two provinces, Papua and West Papua, and extraordinary growth in financial resources available to the provincial and kabupaten/kota governments – progress toward this goal has been slow. In recognition of this, the Indonesian central government issued Presidential Instruction 5/2007 (Inpres 5/2007) on the Acceleration of Development of Papua and West Papua instructing all relevant technical ministries to devote special attention to the two provinces and to coordinate their programs with the governors of both provinces.

The aim of this report is (i) to lay out the challenges that face infrastructure planners and implementers in the Central, Provincial and Kabupaten/Kota governments in a clear manner and (ii) provide those planners and implementers with recommendations – based on the best information available – on how to mitigate the effects of these challenges.

The authors of this report do not aim to set out a master plan for the development of Papua and West Papua – that must be done by the Papuans and West Papuans themselves (with donor assistance as needed). This report does, however, provide what the authors hope is useful guidance on the principles that such development must adhere to if it is to be economically, environmentally, culturally and physically sustainable.

This report is the result of numerous missions undertaken between November 2008 and August 2009 to interview stakeholders, collect data and present preliminary findings and was entirely funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) through their Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative (IndII).


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